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With reference to the Genetically Modified mustard (GM mustar(d) developed in India, consider the following statements :
1. GM mustard has the genes of a soil bacterium that give the plant the property of pest-resistance to a wide variety of pests.
2. GM mustard has the genes that allow the plant cross-pollination and hybridization.
3. GM mustard has been developed jointly by the IARI and Punjab Agricultural University.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a)1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3



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Statement 1 is incorrect. GM mustard, specifically Dhara Mustard Hybrid-11 (DMH-11), has been genetically modified to enhance yield and improve quality, but it does not possess genes from soil bacteria for pest resistance.

Statement 2 is correct. One of the characteristics of GM mustard is its ability to undergo cross-pollination and hybridization, which is an important trait for crop breeding and improvement.

Statement 3 is incorrect. The development of GM mustard has primarily been led by the Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants (CGMCP) at the University of Delhi South Campus, in collaboration with other research institutions.


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