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With reference to the cultural history of medieval India, consider the following statements:

1. Siddhas (Sittars) of Tamil region were monotheistic and condemned idolatry
2. Lingayats of Kannada region questioned the theory of rebirth and rejected the caste hierarchy.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2



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Statement 1: Siddhas (Sittars) of the Tamil region were indeed associated with a form of monotheism and condemned idolatry. They believed in the existence of a single divine reality and emphasized spiritual practices to attain union with the divine.

Statement 2: Lingayats of the Kannada region did question the theory of rebirth and rejected the traditional caste hierarchy. Lingayatism, founded by the 12th-century social reformer Basavanna, emphasized devotion to a personal deity and rejected the ritualistic practices and social divisions associated with mainstream Hinduism.


How was this explanation?

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