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With reference to pulse production in India consider the following Statements ?

1. Black gram can we cultivated as both kharif and rabi crop.
2. Green gram alone accounts for nearly half of pulse production.
3. In the last three decades while, the production of kharif pulses has increased, the production of ruby pulses has decreased.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 only



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1. Statement 1 is correct: Black gram, also known as urad dal, is a pulse crop that can be cultivated during both Kharif (monsoon) and Rabi (winter) seasons in India. It offers flexibility to farmers in terms of cropping patterns and seasonal suitability.

2. Statement 2 is incorrect: Green gram, also known as mung bean, is an important pulse crop in India, but it does not account for nearly half of the pulse production. Other pulses like chickpea (gram), pigeon pea (arhar), and lentils also contribute significantly to the overall pulse production.

3. Statement 3 is incorrect: The production of Kharif pulses and Rabi pulses in India has shown variations over the last three decades, but there is no generalized trend of increased Kharif pulse production and decreased Rabi pulse production. It depends on multiple factors such as government policies, market demand, weather conditions, and farming practices.


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