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Question

With reference to Home Guards, consider the following statements:

1. Home Guards are raised under the Home Guards Act and Rules of the Central Government.
2. The role of the Home Guards is to serve as an auxiliary force to the police in maintenance of internal security.
3. To prevent infiltration on the international border/coastal areas, the Border Wing Home Guards Battalions have been raised in some States.

How many of the above statements are correct?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) All three
(d) None

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

Statement 1: Home Guards are raised under the Home Guards Act and Rules of the States/Union Territories. Therefore, statement 1 is not correct.

Statement 2: The role of Home Guards is to serve as an auxiliary force to the police in maintaining internal security. They assist the police in various situations such as emergencies (e.g., air-raid, fire, cyclone, earthquake, epidemic), helping maintain essential services, promoting communal harmony, protecting weaker sections, participating in socio-economic and welfare activities, and performing civil defense duties. Therefore, statement 2 is correct.

Statement 3: Fifteen Border Wing Home Guards (BWHG) Battalions have been raised in the border states of Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Meghalaya, Tripura, and West Bengal. These battalions serve as an auxiliary to the Border Security Force and help in preventing infiltration on the international border/coastal areas. Therefore, statement 3 is correct.

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