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Question

Why does the Government of India promote the use of Neem-coated Urea’ in agriculture?

(a) Release of Neem oil in the soil increases nitrogen fixation by the soil microorganisms
(b) Neem coating slows down the rate of dissolution of urea in the soil
(c) Nitrous oxide, which is a greenhouse gas, is not at all released into atmosphere by crop fields
(d) It is a combination of a weedicide and a fertilizer for particular crops

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

The Government of India promotes the use of Neem-coated Urea in agriculture because Neem coating slows down the rate of dissolution of urea in the soil. The neem coating on urea granules acts as a barrier and helps in the slow release of nitrogen, which improves the efficiency of nitrogen utilization by crops. This reduces the loss of nitrogen through leaching and volatilization, resulting in improved crop yields and reduced environmental pollution.

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