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Question

Which one of the following movements has contributed to a split in the Indian National Congress resulting in the emergence of ‘moderates' and ‘extremists'?

(a) Swadeshi Movement
(b) Quit India Movement
(c) Non-Cooperation Movement
(d) Civil Disobedience Movement

Answer:

A

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Explanation:

The Swadeshi Movement, which began in 1905, was a significant movement against the partition of Bengal by the British. It advocated for the use of indigenous goods and the boycott of British goods as a means of protest. This movement played a crucial role in the growth of nationalism and the Indian independence movement.

The Swadeshi Movement led to a split within the Indian National Congress, with some leaders adopting more moderate approaches to the struggle for independence, while others, known as the 'extremists,' advocated for more radical and militant actions. This division between the moderates and extremists emerged as a result of differing ideologies and approaches within the Congress during the Swadeshi Movement.

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