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Question

With reference to the United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea, consider the following statements :
1. A coastal state has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles, measured from baseline determined in accordance with the convention.
2. Ships of all states, whether coastal or land-locked, enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea.
3. The Exclusive Economic Zone shall not extend beyond 200 nautical miles from the baseline from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured.
Which of the statements given above are correct ?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer:

D

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Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: the coastal States exercise sovereignty over their territorial sea not exceeding 12 nautical miles;
Statement 2 is correct: Under UNCLOS - the Right of Innocent Passage is allowed.
Statement 3 is correct: Exclusive Economic Zone extends upto 200 nautical miles from the baselines.

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