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Question

With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements

1. The concept of Bodhisattva is central to Hinayana sect of Buddhism.
2. Bodhisattva is a compassionate one on his way to enlightenment.
3. Bodhisattva delays achieving his own salvation to help all sentient beings on their path to it.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect. The concept of Bodhisattva is not central to the Hinayana sect of Buddhism. The term "Hinayana" is sometimes used to refer to the Theravada school of Buddhism, which does not emphasize the Bodhisattva ideal as strongly as the Mahayana school.

Statement 2 is correct. A Bodhisattva is indeed described as a compassionate being who is on the path to enlightenment. They embody compassion and strive to attain enlightenment for the benefit of all sentient beings.

Statement 3 is also correct. One of the defining characteristics of a Bodhisattva is their commitment to delaying their own enlightenment in order to assist others on their path to salvation. They actively work for the welfare and liberation of all sentient beings.

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