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With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements:
1. Sautrantika and sammitiya were the sects of Jainism.
2. Sarvastivadin held that the constituts of phenomena were not wholly momentary, but existed forever in a latent form.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2



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Statement 1 is incorrect. Sautrantika and sammitiya were not sects of Jainism, but rather Buddhist sects. Sautrantika was a major Buddhist sect that adhered to the Sutra (discourses) as the main source of Buddhist teachings. Sammitiya was another Buddhist sect that existed during ancient times.

Statement 2 is correct. Sarvastivadins were an influential school of Buddhism. They believed in the doctrine of "Sarvastivada," which held that all phenomena exist in the past, present, and future, and that their existence is not purely momentary. This doctrine posited the existence of dharmas (phenomena) in a latent form, even when they were not manifest.


How was this explanation?

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