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Question

With reference to the management of minor minerals in India, consider the following statements:
1. Sand is a ‘Minor Mineral' according to the prevailing law in the country
2. State Governments have the power to grant mining leases of m minor minerals, but the powers regarding the formation of rules related to the grant of minor minerals lie with the Central Government.
3. State Governments have the power to frame rules to prevent illegal mining of minor minerals.

Which of the statement given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer:

A

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Explanation:

1. Statement 1 is correct: Sand is classified as a 'Minor Mineral' according to the prevailing law in the country. The regulation and management of minor minerals, including sand, is governed by the respective State Governments.

2. Statement 2 is incorrect: State Governments have the power to grant mining leases for minor minerals, as well as the power to frame rules related to the grant of such leases. The Central Government does not have exclusive powers in this regard.

3. Statement 3 is correct: State Governments have the power to frame rules to prevent illegal mining of minor minerals. They can take measures to regulate and control the mining activities of minor minerals within their respective states.

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