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Question

With reference to the history of India, consider the following pairs:

1. Aurang – In-charge of Treasury of the State
2. Banian – Indian agent of the East India Company
3. Mirasidar – Designated revenue Payer to the State

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

1. Pair 1 is incorrect. The term "Aurang" does not refer to someone in charge of the treasury of the state. There is no historical connection between the term "Aurang" and the role of managing the state's treasury.

2. Pair 2 is correct. The term "Banian" refers to an Indian agent who acted on behalf of the East India Company during the colonial era. These agents played a crucial role in facilitating trade and business activities between the Indian subcontinent and the British East India Company.

3. Pair 3 is correct. The term "Mirasidar" refers to a person who held the responsibility of paying revenue to the state. In the context of historical revenue systems in India, Mirasidars were designated individuals who held land or property and were responsible for paying revenue or taxes to the ruling authority.

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