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Question

With reference to the cultural history of India, the term 'Panchayatan' refers to
(a) an assembly of village elders
(b) a religious sect
(c) a style of temple construction
(d) an administrative functionary

Answer:

C

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Explanation:

In the cultural history of India, 'Panchayatan' refers to a style of temple architecture where the main temple is surrounded by four subsidiary shrines, forming a square or rectangular layout. Each subsidiary shrine is dedicated to a different deity, while the main temple houses the principal deity. This style of temple construction was popularized during the medieval period in India.

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