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With reference to Rowlatt Satyagraha, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. The Rowlatt Act was based on the recommendations of the ‘Sedition Committee'.
2. In Rowlatt Satyagraha, Gandhiji tried to utilize the Home Rule League.
3. Demonstrations against the arrival of Simon Commission coincided with Rowlatt Satyagraha.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3



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Statement 1 is correct. The Rowlatt Act, also known as the Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act, was passed by the British Indian government in 1919. It was based on the recommendations of the Rowlatt Committee, not the "Sedition Committee" as mentioned in the statement.

Statement 2 is correct. During the Rowlatt Satyagraha, Mahatma Gandhi utilized the Home Rule League, which was a political organization advocating for self-government for India within the British Empire. The Home Rule League supported the Satyagraha movement against the Rowlatt Act.

Statement 3 is incorrect. The Rowlatt Satyagraha and the demonstrations against the arrival of the Simon Commission were separate events. The Simon Commission arrived in India in 1928 to investigate and make recommendations for constitutional reforms, while the Rowlatt Satyagraha took place in 1919 as a protest against the repressive Rowlatt Act.


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