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With reference to a grouping of countries known as BRICS, consider the following statements:

1. The First Summit of BRICS was held in Rio de Janeiro in 2009.
2. South Africa was the last to join the BRICS grouping.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2



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The first BRICS Summit with South Africa included took place in Sanya, China in April 2011. BRICS is an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, representing five major emerging economies. Originally, the group consisted of only four countries, known as "BRIC," before South Africa joined in December 2010.


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