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Question

With reference to ‘Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-AR(c)', consider the following statements :
1. It was established very recently in response to incidents of piracy and accidents of oil spills.
2. It is an alliance meant for maritime security only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer:

D

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Explanation:

Statement 1: It was established very recently in response to incidents of piracy and accidents of oil spills. This statement is incorrect. The Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC), now known as the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), was established in 1997. Its establishment was not specifically in response to incidents of piracy and oil spills but rather as a platform for promoting regional cooperation and sustainable development among the Indian Ocean Rim countries.

Statement 2: It is an alliance meant for maritime security only. This statement is incorrect. While maritime security is an important aspect of the IORA's agenda, it is not solely focused on maritime security. The IORA aims to promote cooperation in various areas such as trade and investment, fisheries management, disaster risk management, academic and scientific cooperation, tourism, cultural exchanges, and more.

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