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Question

With reference to ‘dugong', a mammal found in India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. It is a herbivorous marine animal.
2. It is found along the, entire coast of India.
3. It is given legal protection under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 3 only

Answer:

C

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Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct. The dugong is a herbivorous marine mammal, primarily feeding on seagrass and other marine vegetation.

Statement 2 is incorrect. While the dugong is found along the coast of India, it is not present along the entire coast. Dugongs are distributed in specific regions along the Indian coast, such as the Gulf of Mannar, Palk Bay, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Statement 3 is correct. The dugong is given legal protection under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 in India. Schedule I provides the highest level of protection for species listed under it, making it illegal to hunt, capture, or harm dugongs without proper authorization.

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