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Question

Which one of the following factors constitutes the best safeguard of liberty in a liberal democracy?
(a) A committed judiciary
(b) Centralization of powers
(c) Elected government
(d) Separation of powers

Answer:

D

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Explanation:

In a liberal democracy, the separation of powers is considered the best safeguard of liberty. The concept of separation of powers involves dividing the powers and functions of government among different branches, typically the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. This separation ensures a system of checks and balances, preventing any one branch from accumulating too much power and potentially infringing on individual liberties. It allows for independent oversight, accountability, and protection of citizens' rights. While factors such as a committed judiciary and elected government are important, the principle of separation of powers provides the foundation for maintaining and protecting liberty in a liberal democracy.

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