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Question

What is the importance of using Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines in India?

1. These vaccines are effective against pneumonia as well as meningitis and sepsis.
2. Dependence on antibiotics that are not effective against drug-resistant bacteria can be reduced.
3. These vaccines have no side effects and cause no allergic reactions.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

1. This statement is correct. Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines are effective against a range of illnesses caused by pneumococcal bacteria, including pneumonia, meningitis, blood infections, and sepsis.

2. This statement is correct. By targeting multiple structures of the pathogen, vaccines can help the body fight off infections and reduce the dependence on antibiotics that may be ineffective against drug-resistant bacteria. Unlike vaccines, antimicrobial drugs typically target specific parts of the pathogen, making it easier for the pathogen to develop resistance through a single mutation. Therefore, vaccination can help decrease reliance on antibiotics.

3. This statement is incorrect. Common side effects of PCV include redness, swelling, pain, or tenderness at the injection site, as well as fever, loss of appetite, fussiness, fatigue, headache, and chills.

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