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Question

What explains the eastward flow of the equatorial counter-current?
(a) The Earth's rotation on its axis
(b) Convergence of the two equatorial currents
(c) Difference in salinity of water
(d) Occurrence of the belt of calm near the equator

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

The eastward flow of the equatorial counter-current is primarily explained by the convergence of the two equatorial currents: the North Equatorial Current and the South Equatorial Current. These two currents flow in opposite directions on either side of the equator. As they converge near the equator, the eastward flow of the equatorial counter-current is formed.

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