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Tides occur in the oceans and seas due to which among the following?

1.Gravitational force of the Sun
2. Gravitational force of the Moon
3. Centrifugal force of the Earth

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3



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Tides in the oceans and seas are primarily caused by the combined gravitational forces of the Moon, the Sun, and the centrifugal force of the Earth. The gravitational force of the Moon is the primary factor in causing tides, followed by the gravitational force of the Sun. The centrifugal force of the Earth also plays a role in the formation of tides. Therefore, all three factors mentioned in the options contribute to the occurrence of tides.


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