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Question

In India, the problem of soil erosion is associated with which of the following?
1. Terrace cultivation
2. Deforestation
3. Tropical climate

Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

Deforestation is the main factor associated with soil erosion in India. When forests are cleared, the protective cover of trees and vegetation is removed, making the soil vulnerable to erosion by wind and water.

Terrace cultivation, on the other hand, is a soil conservation practice that helps to reduce soil erosion by creating flat areas for cultivation on hilly slopes.

Tropical climate alone is not directly associated with soil erosion, as it is influenced by various factors. However, intense rainfall events, common in tropical climates, can contribute to soil erosion if proper conservation measures are not in place.

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