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Question

How is permaculture farming different from conventional chemical farming?
1. Permaculture farming discourages monocultural practices but in conventional chemical farming, monoculture practices are pre-dominant.
2. Conventional chemical farming can salinity cause increase in soil such occurrence of but the phenomenon is not observed in permaculture farming.
3. Conventional chemical farming is easily possible in semi-arid regions but permaculture farming is not so easily possible in such regions.
4. Practice of mulching is very important in permaculture farming but not necessarily so in conventional chemical farming.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 3
(b) 1, 2 and 4
(c) 4 only
(d) 2 and 3

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct. Permaculture farming discourages monocultural practices and promotes diverse planting methods, while conventional chemical farming often relies on monoculture practices.

Statement 2 is correct. Conventional chemical farming practices, such as excessive use of chemical fertilizers, can lead to soil salinity issues. Permaculture farming, with its focus on organic and sustainable practices, tends to avoid such issues.

Statement 3 is incorrect. Permaculture farming can be adapted to different regions, including semi-arid regions, although it may require specific techniques and adaptations.

Statement 4 is correct. Mulching is an important practice in permaculture farming as it helps to conserve soil moisture, suppress weeds, and enhance soil fertility. Conventional chemical farming may not prioritize mulching to the same extent.

Therefore, the correct answer is (b) 1, 2, and 4.

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