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From the ecological point of view, which one of the following assume importance in being a good link between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats?
(a) Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve
(b) Nallamala Forest
(c) Nagarhole National Park
(d) Seshachalam Biosphere Reserve



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The correct answer is option 1, Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve. The Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, located in the Erode district of Tamil Nadu, is an important link between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats. It serves as a crucial wildlife corridor in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, connecting various protected areas including the Billigiriranga Swamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary, Sigur Plateau, Mudumalai National Park, and Bandipur National Park.

The Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve plays a significant role in maintaining genetic connectivity between these protected areas, allowing for the movement of wildlife species. It is a part of "Project Tiger," which aims to conserve tiger populations and combat wildlife trafficking and poaching. The reserve is recognized as a critical habitat for tigers and supports a diverse range of flora and fauna.

On the other hand, the Nallamala Forest, located in the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, is part of the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve in the Eastern Ghats. It is known for its tiger population, as well as species such as wild dogs and jungle cats.

Nagarhole National Park, also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park, is located in the Kodagu and Mysore districts of Karnataka. It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, along with Bandipur National Park and Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary. Nagarhole National Park provides protected habitat for elephants and tigers, among other wildlife species.

Seshachalam Biosphere Reserve, situated in the southern region of Andhra Pradesh in the Eastern Ghats, is known for its red sanders and slender loris species. It contributes to the conservation of unique biodiversity in the region.

In summary, while all the mentioned areas have their ecological significance, the Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve assumes importance as a vital link between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats, serving as a genetic corridor and facilitating the movement of wildlife species between these two mountain ranges.


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