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Question

Economically, one of the results of the British rule in India in the 19th century was the
(a) increase in the export of Indian handicrafts
(b) growth in the number of Indian owned factories
(c) commercialization of Indian agriculture
(d) rapid increase in the urban population

Answer:

C

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Explanation:

One of the economic outcomes of British rule in India in the 19th century was the commercialization of Indian agriculture. This involved shifting from subsistence farming to cash-crop agriculture, primarily for export to meet the demands of the British market. The emphasis on cash crops led to neglect of food crops, periodic famines, and agrarian distress. The commercialization of agriculture also made Indian farmers dependent on the global market and vulnerable to exploitation by intermediaries.

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