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Question

Consider the following statements
1. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919 recommended granting voting rights to all the women above the age of 21.
2. The Government of India Act of 1935 gave women reserved seats in legislature.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer:

B

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Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919, also known as the Government of India Act 1919, did not recommend granting voting rights to all women above the age of 21. While the act did introduce limited electoral reforms by expanding the franchise and increasing the number of voters, it did not grant universal adult suffrage. Voting rights were extended to a limited number of men but not to women.

Statement 2 is correct. The Government of India Act of 1935 did introduce reserved seats for women in the legislature. Under this act, a provision was made for separate electorates for various communities, including women. A certain number of seats were reserved for women in the provincial legislatures, ensuring their representation.

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