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Question

Consider the following statements
1. It was during the reign of Iltutmish that Chengiz Khan reached the Indus in pursuit of the fugitive Khwarezm prince.
2. It was during the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq that Taimur occupied Multan and crossed the Indus.
3. It was during the reign of Deva Raya II of Vijayanagara Empire that Vasco da Gama reached the coast of Kerala.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2
(c) 3 only
(d) 2 and 3

Answer:

A

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Explanation:

It was during the reign of Iltutmish, the third Sultan of Delhi Sultanate, that Chengiz Khan, the Mongol ruler, reached the Indus River while pursuing the fugitive Khwarezm prince. This event occurred in the early 13th century.

In 1398, Timur invaded India, aiming to destroy Hindu kings and rulers. Sultan Nasir-ud-din Mahmud Tughluq of the Tughlaq dynasty was unable to resist Timur's forces and was easily defeated. Timur's invasion had significant consequences, including widespread destruction and disruption of the political order in the region.

Vasco da Gama's arrival on the coast of Kerala happened much later, in 1498, during the reign of Tuluvas, not Deva Raya II.

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