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Consider the following statements :
1. In the tropical zone, the western sections of the oceans are warmer than the eastern sections owing to the influence of trade winds,
2. In the temperate zone, westerlies make the eastern sections of oceans warmer than the. Western sections.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2



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In the tropical zone, trade winds blow from east to west. These winds push warm surface waters towards the western sections of the oceans, causing them to be warmer. As the warm surface waters accumulate in the western sections, colder waters from below rise to the surface in the eastern sections, making them comparatively cooler.

In the temperate zone, westerly winds blow from west to east. These winds cause surface waters to move towards the eastern sections of the oceans, leading to a buildup of warmer waters in those areas. Meanwhile, the western sections experience the upwelling of colder waters from below, making them cooler.


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