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Question

Consider the following statements:

The Mangalyaan launched by ISRO
1. is also called the Mars Orbiter Mission
2. made India the second country to have a spacecraft orbit the Mars after USA
3. made India the only country to be successful in making its spacecraft orbit the Mars in its very first attempt

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer:

C

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Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct. Mangalyaan, launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is also known as the Mars Orbiter Mission.

Statement 2 is incorrect. While Mangalyaan successfully entered Mars' orbit, it did not make India the second country to have a spacecraft orbit Mars after the USA. Several other countries, including the Soviet Union, the European Space Agency, and China, have also sent spacecraft to Mars.

Statement 3 is correct. Mangalyaan made India the only country to successfully put a spacecraft into Mars' orbit in its first attempt. This achievement was significant as it demonstrated India's capabilities in space exploration and made ISRO the fourth space agency to reach Mars successfully.

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