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Question

Consider the following statements:

1. Under Ramasar Convention, it is mandatory on the part of the Government of India to protect and conserve all the wetland in the territory of India.
2. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 were framed by the Government of India based on the recommendations of Ramasar Convention.
3. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 also encompass the drainage area or catchment regions of the wetlands as determined by the authority.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer:

C

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Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect. While India is a party to the Ramsar Convention and has obligations to protect and conserve wetlands, it is not mandatory under the convention to protect and conserve all wetlands in the territory of India. The convention emphasizes the wise use and conservation of wetlands of international importance.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 were not framed based on the recommendations of the Ramsar Convention. These rules were formulated by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in India to provide a regulatory framework for the conservation and management of wetlands in the country.

Statement 3 is correct. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 do encompass the drainage area or catchment regions of the wetlands as determined by the authority. These rules recognize the interconnected nature of wetlands and their catchment areas and provide guidelines for their integrated management.

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