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Consider the following statements:
1. The Factories Act, 1881 was passed with a view to fix the wages of industrial workers and allow the workers to form trade unions.
2. N.M Lokhande was a pioneer in organizing the labour movement in British India

Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2



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Statement 1 is incorrect. The Factory Act of 1881 aimed to improve working conditions and included provisions such as limiting working hours for children and ensuring proper fencing of dangerous machinery. However, there was no specific provision related to fixing wages or allowing workers to form trade unions.

Statement 2 is correct. N.M. Lokhande was indeed a pioneer in organizing the labor movement in British India. He worked for the rights and better working conditions of textile mill-hands and also addressed caste and communal issues.

Therefore, the correct answer is:
(b) 2 only


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