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Consider the following statements:

1. The Constitution of India defines its ‘Basic structure’ in terms of federalism, secularism, fundamental rights and democracy
2. The Constitution of India provides for ‘judicial review’ to safeguard the citizens’ liberties and to preserve the ideals on which the Constitution is based

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2



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The basic structure doctrine is not defined by the Constitution but was established through the Kesavananda Bharati case. It asserts that certain fundamental features of the Constitution cannot be altered through amendments. On the other hand, the Constitution explicitly provides for judicial review to protect fundamental rights under Article 32 and 226, and grants the Supreme Court discretionary powers under Article 136 for special leave to appeal.


How was this explanation?

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