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Question

Consider the following organizations/bodies in India:

1. The National Commission for Backward Classes
2. The National Human Commission Rights
3. The National Law Commission
4. The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission

How many of the above are constitutional bodies?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) Only three
(d) All four

Answer:

A

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Explanation:

The National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC): It is a constitutional body established under Article 338B of the Constitution of India. The NCBC is responsible for examining matters related to the inclusion or exclusion of communities in the list of socially and educationally backward classes. It investigates complaints and safeguards the interests of the backward classes, recommending measures for their welfare and advancement.

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC): It is a statutory body established under the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. The NHRC is responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights in India. It investigates complaints of human rights violations, promotes awareness about human rights, and recommends measures for the effective enforcement of human rights.

The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC): It is a statutory body established under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986. The NCDRC is responsible for hearing and disposing of consumer disputes at the national level.

The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body and is constituted by a notification of the Government of India, Ministry of Law & Justice, Department of Legal Affairs.

The Law Commission of India is tasked with conducting research in the field of law and making recommendations to the government based on its findings. It operates based on specific terms of reference provided by the government.

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